Mothers-to-be should be nourished in the approaching winter
Jia SHEN, Obstetrician & Gynecologist
In winter, a boiling hot pot is always the source of pleasure for foodies. However, many mothers-to-be don’t want to affect their babies’ health while satisfying their own palates. Let’s hear what Dr. Shen may say.
Answer: During pregnancy, a balanced diet with a limited dietary taboo is expected and required. Sichuan hot pot is so oily and spicy that it is generally not suitable for mothers-to-be in the last trimester of pregnancy. For pregnant women with biliary stones especially, hot pot may cause biliary colic, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis and other complications. It is better not to drink the soup left over after hot pot swishing for it contains a large number of purines that may increase the burden of liver and kidney, and cause gout easily. Do not pursue the tender mouthfeel of beef and fish excessively but cook them until well done. Be sure to pay attention to food hygiene and do not take any half-cooked food.
As sashimi that raises many concerns may contain parasites, escherichia coli, salmonella, etc. that may cause potential safety hazards for mothers-to-be and their babies, it should be avoided. Furthermore, it is also so important to prevent food poisoning that mothers-to-be need to choose restaurants with health and safety guaranteed. When eating at home, pay attention to the sanitation and hygiene of the foods and cooking utensils.
If mothers-to-be think it’s cold to take outdoor exercise, indoor exercises may be good alternatives, such as prenatal yoga, swimming, aerobic dance, prenatal gymnastics, riding in place, fast walking, etc. In short, mothers-to-be must overcome inactivity and start to move. It’s important to note that exercise should be progressive and cater to each person’s physique since the physique varies from person to person. It would be easier to start from what you do best and make a little bit progress each day.
Question: Can I take vitamin tablets as an alternative of cold fruit?
Answer: It is not recommended to use drugs to replace food. Vitamin tablets are generally used to supplement deficiencies. Prenatal vitamins can be taken to supplement nutrients that cannot be obtained via food, but not as the primary source of nutrition. Fruit is rich in not only vitamins but also cellulose, which helps to promote peristalsis and hence can relieve symptoms of constipation during pregnancy.
Question: Fish and meat are unavoidable given that various holidays are imminent. Is there any precaution?
Answer: Excessive fat ingestion leads to fast growth of weight, not only making it difficult to maintain body shape, but also resulting in macrosomia easily, hence affecting the success rate of vaginal delivery. Hold to a balanced diet. While ensuring the quality of food, increase the varieties of foods. Have many meals but little food at each, which is believed more conducive to health.
Another concern is that mothers-to-be today are mostly over-fed with over-calories and few are undernourished. Mothers-to-be need not to worry what they should avoid consuming or what they should consume less of will affect the infant development.